Cardiac Rehabilitation


The cardiac rehabilitation program at Baroda Heart Institute & Research Centre offers each cardiac patient the opportunity to achieve optimal levels of the health and fitness through an integrated program of exercise and education. A multidisciplinary team of medical professionals works with the patient and his / her personal physician to reestablish physical and emotional health. At weekly outpatient educational lectures, cardiac patient and thair families learn about heart disease and the ways in which diet, meditation and exercise, as well as other lifestyle changes, can help them regain control of their health and their lives.

The Cardiac Rehabilitation Team

Throughout the four - phase rehabilitation program, the multidisciplinary team provides individualized education, counseling and support to patient an their families.The patient's personal physician often communicates with these highly skilled rehabilitation specialists when prescribing one or more phases of the program. Even after completion of the cardiac rehabilitation program, the team is available to the patient to offer information, instruction and continuing support and guidance.

Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease

Making changes in your lifestyle to control your modifiable cardiovascular risk factors is an important component of your care. Each individual would add months or even years to their lives if they reduced their risk factors. While you can't control the increased risk of heart disease associated with the age, male gender or a family history of heart disease, you can assume responsibility for your heart health and well being by acting to control the modifiable risk factors.

High Blood Pressure ( Hypertension )

high BP increases the risk of the heart attack, heart failure and stroke. Blood pressure needs to be checked regularly because high blood pressure often occurs withouts symptoms. in many instances, it can be controlled by maintaining proper weight and reduce salt intake, as well as regular exercise and relaxation. for some individuals, prescription medication may also be necessary.

High Cholesterol

High cholesterol a fat like substance can also clog arteries and increase the risk of the heart disease. Cholesterol level can be lowered by diet and exercise. Heart healthy diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy products, and mono / polysunsaturated vegetable oils and margarines, while limiting the amount of animal protein.


Smoking increases heart rete, blood pressure, and accelerates the build-up fatty plague in the walls of the blood vessels. smokers have twice as many heart attacks as non-smokers. one of the best things you can do for your heart and your health is to quit smoking.

Lake of Exercise

Lake of exercise can contribute to obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Regular exercise improves heart fitness and helps to control blood pressure, weight, cholestrol and relieves anxiety.

Other contributing risk factors includes diabetes, obesity and stress.

The Four Phases of Cardiac Rehabilitation

Inpatient Treatment

The cardiac rehabilitation program begins during the hospital stay. Participation in light activities, monitored progressive exercise, nutritious diet and a healthy dose of ressurance and support enable the patient to embark on the road to recovery. Health education literature, audiovisual tapes and personal instruction teach both patient and family about heart disease and the role of lifestyle in reducing coronary risk factors and improving heart health.

Outpatient Rehabilitation - Education

Phase II begins as soon as the patient has been discharged from the hospital or when the diagnosis of heart disease has been made by the personal physician. Outpatient rehabilitation emphasizes patient and family awareness of the many aspacts of the heart disease, supervised development of good dietary habits and progressive exercise for physical reconditioning. The Cardiac Rehabilitation team works each patient to identify and modify significant cardiac risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, elevated blood cholesterol, smoking, obesity, poor exercise habits and inability to manage stress.

Outpatient Rehabilitation - Training Under Guidance

In phase III of rehabilitation, patient exercise in the Baroda Heart Institute & Research Centre to increase stamina, endurance and cardiovascular fitness. Each parient strives to achieve personal goals in terms of body whight, control of hypertension, dietary management of elevated blood cholesterol and coping stress. After completion of phase III, the patient may choose to exercise at home, using designed home fitness program.

Maintaining Physical Fitness

The health exercise program (HEP) is monitored and designed to maintain aerobic fitness and cardiovascular conditioning as well as weight control and improved muscle tone. It is available not only to patient who have completed the phase III Cardiac Rehab Program, but also to individuals referred by their physicians. Members begins with a comprehensive evaluation of overall health and fitness. following the guidelines of the American Collage of Sport Medicine, these dignostic tests are used as baseline information for exercise specialists and technologists to tailor and exercise program to meet the needs of each participant. while the goal of the HEP is to aid in the prevention of heart disease, benefits such as looking and feeling healthier, stronger and more confident make being a member of the HEP even more rewarding.